The point of teamwork and collaborative learning is that the learner should be an active participant rather than a passive recipient, and in so doing increase own as well as group level of understanding
- In a 'constructivist' approach to learning; a lecture, an article or content of a book is considered to be information, not knowledge. Knowledge is something the students must build themselves, in their own mind.
- Students must process the information and get a sort of private ownership to it. This is done by formulating the content of the information in own words in an active learning process.
(Learning processes are also called cognitive processes.)
- The idea is that when you can use your own words to express what you have learned, you have understood.
- DIKW - an attempt at classifying knowledge
(Graphics: Thomas Andersen)
- Alavi and Leidner (2001) describe a common approach which treats data as "raw numbers and facts", information as "processed data" and knowledge as "authenticated information". :
Another way of classifying levels of information and knowledge is Bloom's taxonomy.
Alavi, M. & Leidner, D. E. (2001). Review: Knowledge management and knowledge management systems: Conceptual foundations and research issues. MIS Quarterly, 25, 107-136.