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"Warmers"
The 'Warmers', mainly associated with environmental activists, claim the following:

The coal and oil industries are approaching the end. The fossil fuel paradigm is not sustainable. The Arab- American oil and coal cartels are polluting the world with toxic fumes and greenhouse gases. They systematically oppose development of alternative energy sources, expecting the coming peak oil crisis to provide them with a flow of money never previously seen in human history.

The coal and oil cartels are extremely wealthy, with more money than most nations. They can buy or kill almost anyone, including police, courts, scientists and politicians. They are corrupt and dangerous. They are even willing to start wars.

The main sources of oil are controlled by totalitarian, fundamentally religious and corrupt regimes in the Middle East and Africa, kept in power by multinational oil companies and their allies. With coal and oil as main energy carriers for another 50 years, not only will dangerous pollution continue, but democracy itself will be threatened.

The coal and oil industries have an army of lobbyists, PR agents and spin doctors working continuously and systematically to deceive and disseminate disinformation.

The main arguments of the 'Warmers' are as follows:

  1. Burning of fossil fuels releases extra carbon to the atmosphere

  1. If large quantities of carbon are released over longer periods, nature cannot absorb the extra carbon quickly enough, and carbon will accumulate in the atmosphere.
    The adjustment time; for nature to return the gas mixture in the atmosphere to the normal state, is about 100 years after the emissions stop
  1. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a crucial part of most ecosystems and also a natural greenhouse gas.
    In interaction with other greenhouse gases such as water vapour, methane and N2O, it keeps the atmospheric temperature fairly stable by preventing rapid temperature drops at night-time, and keeps the global average temperature at about 14°C, rather than approximately -18°C as it would have been without greenhouse gases
  1. More greenhouse gases in the atmosphere mean that the atmosphere can keep more heat for a longer time, and global average temperature will rise.
    Most of the increase in the concentration of these gases over the last 50 years is due to human activities, especially the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation.
  1. Our climate has tipping points.
    When passed, dramatic and very rapid climate changes may occur, as it has done several times before in geological times
    (E.g. Paleo-EoceneTermic Maximum - PETM)
  1. Various radiative forcing factors interact and may 'force' the climate negatively (long-term cooling) or positively (long-term warming).
  1. More greenhouse gases have a 'positive radiative forcing' effect, and will interact with other forcing factors, some 'positive', others 'negative'. The balance is now 'positive'.
    The slight warming caused by extra anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions will in turn trigger other forcing feedback mechanisms, like an increase in tropospheric water vapour, changes in albedo, in sea currents, in the release of more CO2 and methane from melting swamps in polar areas etc.
    A slight warming leads to more warming and vice versa.
    Natural causes always play a role in changing Earth's climate, but are now being gradually overwhelmed by human-induced changes.
    The net effect of the human made climate forcings is currently equivalent to two Christmas tree 1-watt light-bulbs on every square meter of our planet, or between 2 and 3 extra watts per meter.
  1. Global warming may pass unknown thresholds and trigger tipping points of no return, bringing rapid, non-linear and dramatic changes.
    One such threshold is assumed to be at about 2°C warming, or when the global average temperature rises to roughly 16°C.

    A relatively small radiative forcing may start a change in climate. The feedback systems decide the pace and the scope.
  1. When the oceans absorb large amounts of CO2, it will lead to acidification, which may have serious ecological effects on calciferous organisms such as corals, crustaceans and several species of plankton.
  1. There are ecological limits to growth.
    A nation's real economy is based on the natural resources and the people's ability to use these resources wisely.
    When a country lacks natural resources, or has destroyed its own ecosystems, it may compensate by imports from other countries.
    When the carrying capacities of ecosystems are depleted and superseded worldwide, it will be increasingly difficult and costly to persuade other countries to export resources they need themselves.
    Our current economic system is based on the illusion of perpetual economic growth with no regard to the actual capacities of ecosystems to provide natural resources and ability to absorb pollution.
    When an increasing number of ecosystems collapse, economic growth is no longer possible and severe crisis are inevitable (Club of Rome: Limits to Growth).
  1. To avoid global crisis, a new globally sustainable economy is urgently needed
  1. There are extremely strong, corrupt and ruthless economical and political interests that aggressively will resist attempts at reducing modern society's dependency on fossil fuels
    PR experts financed by big oil and coal companies help deceive the public by making the environmental performance of companies appear better than it really is
    In addition, our addiction to oil feeds corrupt and religious fanatical regimes and the multinational companies supporting them with endless amounts of petrodollars, in turn financing terrorism, "petro-islam" missionaries and arms-trafficking
  1. The climate change debate is not a real debate but rather a cover-up for the big fossil fuel industry and their associates. Most "skeptics" have never read the IPCC reports that they claim to be skeptic to. They just voice their skepticism to the version the fossil fuel industry propaganda claims is the IPCC standpoint. For some reason the "skeptics" are not skeptical at all to the "information" being disseminated via Fox TV, Heartland-, Cato-, George Marshal- and other institutes and PR companies financed by big coal, oil and tobacco.
  1. The changes are clear and undeniable - the climate of the earth is changing fast.
    The last 150 years greenhouse gases have accumulated in the atmosphere at an increasing pace. The CO2 level rose from 280 ppm in 1750 to 390 ppm in 2010. This increase is far more rapid than has usually happened in earlier times. There is nothing natural about this rapid change. This rapid change will trigger feedback mechanisms enforcing the warming.

    The Arctic summer sea ice shrinks far more rapidly than mainstream scientists thought possible; 11,2% per decade.

    The sea levels rose by 57 mm between 1993 and 2010.

    Land ice is rapidly melting, and loses an estimated 24 cubic miles per year just on Greenland. In spite of increased precipitation on the Antarctica due to the warmer climate, the Antarctica is also losing substantial amounts of ice.

    Global temperature is rising rapidly. On average global temperature rises by at least 0,2 centigrades per decade, and the increase accelerates. 1998 was a very warm year, due to an exceptionally strong El Nino and unusually active solar spots. In spite of low solar activity since 2003, all warmest years on record have occurred after 1981. 10 of the warmest years have occurred in the past 12 years. A negative solar forcing of between 0,1-0,3 centigrades is not sufficient to make any real difference to the warming of between 2 - 4 centigrades the next hundred years estimated by the IPCC.

    The oceans are becoming more acidic due to the extra carbondioxide absorbed.

    There are unknown trigger points that can speed up the warming process in unexpected jumps

  1. The oil and coal industries are in reality not profitable for most societies. These industries depend on heavy subsidies from tax-payers money. Without subsidies, the price for coal and oil would probably double. The oil- and coal industry specialise in making other people pay for its real costs. (See chapter on "Cowboy economics").

    The Arab-American fossil fuel PR industry in collaboration with spin doctors, "skeptics" and "deniers" have manipulated decision makers and the public to paralysis. The "Merchants of doubt" and other spin doctors paid by the coal, oil and tobacco industry have managed to discredit science and halt any serious investments in alternative energy sources for the last fourty years. The fossil fuel people have acted like "drug pushers", making us all behave like addicts. Our addiction to oil has polluted our air, water and soil, threatens to disrupt climate globally, and feeds fundamentalist, corrupt regimes and multinational big oil companies in the Middle East with rivers of money.
  1. The human civilisation must now end its addiction to the polluting and corrupting coal and oil industry as quickly as possible. The alternatives are available. The vision is to replace coal, oil and gas with renewable energy within the next 30-40 years.

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