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4.7 Biodiversity conventions
The Internationall community tries to reduce the rate of the extermination of species, and preserve some of the rarer
species by introducing restrictions on trade with endangered species, keep 'red-lists' and preserve valuable habitats
  1. Convention on Biological Diversity
    Objectives:
    To conserve biological diversity, promote the sustainable use of its components, encourage equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic resources.
    Such equitable sharing includes appropriate access to genetic resources, as well as appropriate transfer of technology, taking into account existingg rights over such resources and such technology.
    The Convention commits parties to preparing national strategies for conservation and sustainable use ofbiological diversity.

    Convention on Biological Diversity

    IUCN on Climate Change
  1. The Ramsar Convention, Ramsar 2.2.1971.
    Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as waterfowl habitat.
    Objective:
    Stem the progressive encroachment on and loss of wetlands, recognizing the ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific and recreational value.
    Each party designates at least one national wetland for inclusion in a List of Wetlands of International importance.
    The parties consider their international responsibilities for conservation, management and wise use of migratory stocks of wildfowl.
    The parties are to establish wetland nature reserves, cooperate in the exchange of information and train personnel for wetland management.

    The Ramsar Convention
    Wetland. Southern Norway. Photo: Å. Bjørke

  1. The Bern Convention
    Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats.
    Objective: To conserve wild fauna and flora and their natural habitats, especially those species and habitats whose conservation requires the cooperation of several States, and to promote such cooperation.
    The Bern Convention operates with three lists:
    List I: Comprises 500 species of plants which the member countries must give a status as totally protected. Fifteen of these plants are found in Norway.
    List II: Comprises mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish and insects that are to be protected against hunting, collection of eggs or trade.
    List III: Comprises several of the european species of mammals, birds, reptiles and toads not included in List II. The exploitation of these species shall not jeopardize the stock. Regulations through close-time-regulations, prohibitions, restrictions on trade etc.
    The Bern Convention

    The Bern Convention and Climate Change
  1. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Washington 3.3. 1973

    CITES establishes world-wide controls on the international trade in threatened species of animals and plants.
    It requires that this trade be subject to authorization by government-issued permits or certificates.
    In the case of species threatened with extinction, CITES prohibits all commercial trade in wild specimens.
    The Convention was signed in 1975 and more than 125 countries are members

    Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
    Shark. Cape Town aquarium, SA. Photo: Å. Bjørke

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The Greenhouse effect, Climate Change and the road to sustainability
1. 1 Greenhouse effect
2. 2 Science
3. 3 Mitigation
4. 4 Impacts
5. 5 Solutions?